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Bordeaux

Located near the Atlantic Ocean and exactly on the 45th parallel, the French wine region of Bordeaux is centered on the city of Bordeaux, covering less than 300,000 acres. Only grapes planted within the region’s 60 appellations can be labeled as Bordeaux wines. The region is defined by gravel or clay soil, oceanic climate, and the Gironde, Garonne and Dordogne Rivers. It has rare frosts in winter, wet springs, warm summers, and very sunny autumn weather for optimum ripening. Consisting of siliceous alluvial deposits and gravelly-sandy soil on a limestone platform, Bordeaux’s geologically diverse terroirs are particularly well-suited to viticulture and produce wines with markedly different characters.

  • Region

    113,400 hectares growing area (2013) 60 appellations (2013)
  • Production

    700 million bottles produced (2013) €4.2+ billion in total sales (2013) 42% of wines exported generating €2.1 billion (2013)
  • People

    7,200 winegrowers300 trading houses95 brokers39 cooperative cellars
  • Impact

    55,000 jobs direct and indirect (2013) 33 million visitors (2012) 17% of total value to the region
  • Primary Grape Varietals

    MerlotCabernet SauvignonCabernet FrancSémillonSauvignon BlancMuscadelle

Region Map