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Located 90 miles northeast of Paris, the Champagne region’s terroir is known for its cool climate, chalky subsoil, and sloping vineyards. Only grapes planted in the strictly delimited Champagne appellation area can be used in wines bearing the Champagne name. Planted at one of the northernmost limits for vines, Champagne has dual climate with oceanic and continental influences. Temperatures often remain low and sunshine is limited, but the region experiences near-ideal rainfall for grape production. The chalky subsoil provides the vines with a steady supply of water while still putting the vines under enough stress to achieve a balance of ripeness and acidity.

  • Region

    34,000 hectares growing area20 sub-regions320 crus
  • Production

    307 million bottles shipped (2013)€4.5 billion total worldwide sales (2013)45% of wines (approx.) are exported (2013)
  • People

    15,736 winegrowers349 Champagne houses143 cooperatives
  • Impact

    30,000 direct jobs created with 120,000 harvest-related employment30% export value of all French wine is due to Champagne
  • Primary Grape Varietals

    ChardonnayPinot NoirMeunier

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